About Saramsa Garden
Saramsa Garden is located at a distance of about 14 kilometers downhill from Gangtok, 2 kilometers from Ranipool. The area covered by this garden is six acres. The garden has been named so because of the plant Ipecac that is grown here. This garden contains a wide variety of other flora including numerous types of orchids and medicinal plants. A large green house also accommodates many other species. The garden is a very popular picnic spot. One has to take a taxi to reach this place.
Saramsa Garden is nestled between the hill slopes of Gangtok and Pakyong. The park is situated approx 14 km away from the capital town on the Pakyong road.
The garden was established in 1922 by the Sikkim Forest Department. From 1922-1954 the Forest Manager nurtured the garden as his pet project with intense involvement in introduction of plants. His interest in botany, floriculture and horticulture largely helped in his pursuit. Initially established with the main purpose of growing different fruits like pineapple, guava, varieties of oranges and lychee for the British Political officer and the Palace, the garden developed into a main center for introduction of fruits. The practice of growing fruits continued until 1940, after which the Forest Department introduced ipecacuanha from Zohore in Malaysia. This is used in the production of syrup of ipecac, a powerful emetic. Though cultivation of ipecacuanha was discontinued in 1970, the garden is still famous by the name Ipecac Garden. In 1975, the garden was converted into an Orchidarium for growing different types of orchids. The majority of plants and trees that can been seen growing in the garden at present were introduced from 1975 till 1980. In 2008 the garden hosted the International Flori Show, an event promoted by the Government of Sikkim to promote the region as a centre of floriculture.