Zojila Mountain Pass in Jammu & Kashmir

Zogila is one of the highest mountain passes of the world. The strategic Srinagar-Ladakh highway passes through the 11,578- foot high Zojila Pass which lies on the bit lower depression of the Himalayan ranges, i.e. about 100 km from Srinagar. The pass attracts the heaviest snowfall during winter and as such it remains closed to traffic for nearly six months in a year. The 434-km long highway is Ladakh’s lifeline and after Kargil skirmishes in 1999 with Pakistan, the government has stepped up the pace of road construction because of the strategic importance of the area.

About Zojila Pass :

From Sonamarg in Jammu and Kashmir , the distance of Zoji La Pass is 9 km (5.6 mi). The pass functions as a major link between Ladakh and Kashmir. The pass is situated at a height of about 11,575 ft (3,528 meters). The Zojila Pass ranks as the second highest pass in India subsequent to Fotu La Pass situated on the National Highway between Srinagar and Leh.

The pass usually stays closed during the winter months, however the Border Roads Organization (BRO) is operating to boost traffic for the greater part of the year. The Beacon Force division of the Border Roads Organization is responsible of removal of snow and preservation of the path during winter months.

History of Zozilla Pass :

When the India Pakistan War took place in 1947, the Zojila Pass was captured by Pakistani aggressors in 1948 in their objective to take over Ladakh . Indian ground forces gained control of the pass on November 1 in a valiant infantry strike. The code name of the operation was Operation Bison, which was triumphant principally as a consequence of the unexpected use of armor, then the maximum elevation at which armors were used in armed conflict in the world.

The Zozila Pass is frequently named as the entrance to Ladakh in Jammu and Kashmir. Lying at an elevation of 3,528 meters, the pass is situated in the principal Himalayan Mountain Range on the Srinagar-Leh Highway or National Highway 1D. The Zozila Pass is considered as one of the riskiest passes in this area.

Zojila Pass has a remarkable position, bordered by the Kashmir basin on one side and Drass basin on the other side. It overlooks snow-covered summits and dense strip of jungles. The pass remains closed half of the year because of intense snowfall and opens in the latter part of the spring season.

Significance of Zojila Pass :

When the Srinagar-Leh National Highway is kept open, it indicates that travelers all around the state of Jammu and Kashmir can arrive at Ladakh. This will not only offer additional time for the travelers to get pleasure from but also will contribute to the economy of the Ladakh Area.

Even the way up to the well-known tourist destination of Sonamarg basin stays open during the winter months when the BRO personnel clean the snow from the way pretty quickly, Brigadier Bhutani further mentioned.

In spite of the fact that Kashmir basin gets reduced snowfall on certain occasions, but Zojila Pass experiences significant snowfall and this is a regular feature of the area. Still the Border Roads Organization can remove the snow from the Srinagar-Leh National Highway.

Zojila Pass on the important Srinagar-Leh National Highway (span is 434 km) – was officially opened to traffic movements by Lieutenant General JR Mukherjee, GOC 15 Corps. The Beacon Force Division of the Border Roads Organization (BRO) is in charge for the cleaning and upkeep of the National Highway between Srinagar and Leh and its biggest impediment, Zojila, at a height of 3,528 meters, which paradoxically is the lowest drivable pass on the Great Himalayan Mountain Range.

Zojila witnesses violent breezes because of the conical shape and severe snowfall. Till date, over 60 risky landslide spots have been found on this route. In addition, Beacon people workforces have to face and withstand snowstorms, fierce air currents, cold and highly dangerous circumstances as in the Kargil division. In spite of these circumstances, it is the the valiant jawans of Border Road Organization, aided by 120 nonmilitary citizens who toiled assiduously for opening the pass in a historical time.

Taking into consideration the reality that by the end of April, majority of provisions in Ladakh diminish to sustainable phases, this opening will turn out to be a blessing to all people in Ladakh. Ladakh stays disconnected from the other parts of the nation from November and afterwards when all passes linking it over the Himalayan Mountain Ranges are clogged by severe snowfall. The opening offers a more exciting and inexpensive ground itinerary to travelers to discover Ladakh and upper parts of Kashmir.

The average snow buildup on the 3,528 meters tall and 6.25 km long rocky territory of Zojila Pass normally stays in the level of 15 to 30 meters throughout the winter season between November and May.

The Srinagar-Sonamarg-Zojila-Kargil-Leh path was affirmed as National Highway on March 30, 2006. It works as an entrance to Ladakh area and is tactically crucial, other than helping for socioeconomic progress of Ladakh area.

The Zozila Pass is approximately 13,000 feet above sea surface, at 34.17 latitude and 74.50 longitude. The pass links a basin of Kashmir with Ladakh. Various trade itineraries take merchants to China, Tibet, and Central Asia. Renchen Shah of Leh moved into Kashmir via this pass and was the ruler of the territory in the 14th century. Mirza Haider Doughlat also marched on through this pass to raid Kashmir. The previous name of the pass was Shurji La, which stands for the mountain of Lord Shiva.

Zozila Pass Subway is high on the agenda :

The inhabitants of Kargil are claiming the creation of a subway through the pass in order to remain linked to Leh round the year. Kargil is linked to the Kashmir Basin via the Srinagar-Drass highway and witnesses severe snowfall from November to March and stays blocked for half of the year. A subway at Zozila and Z Morgh, which is a highway between Srinagar and Leh spanning 434 km, will hold the way open to car traffic between areas of Kashmir and Ladakh round the year.

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Sudhir Kumar

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